English teaching resources: Adjective formation

Adjective formation

English level: B2 / A1

Objective: Being able to express feelings, views and opinions in a varied way.

Introduction

There are many words that are used to express feelings, views and opinions. Look at how the adjective ‘unexciting’ is formed by adding ‘un-‘ at the start and replacing the ‘-e’ with ‘-ing’ at the end.

Ex. from the verb ‘excite’, you add the prefix ‘un-’ in front, and the suffix ‘- ing’ behind, and you get the adjective ‘unexciting’.

Activity 1: Practice

Complete the sentences by forming a word (adjective) to fill each gap. (Remember that you will not always need a prefix, and sometimes you may not have to change the ending of the original word. Check spelling!) Go through the meaning of each stem word first.

Prefix Stem Suffix
consider
convince
delight able
ant
doubt ate
ed
exhaust ful
ic
dis help ing
ory
in health y
un memory
optimist
please
respect
reward
satisfy
sympathy

Fill in the gaps

I always look on the bright side, so I´m very ………………………. about the future.

People who puff cigarette smoke in your face, are just totally …………………………………..

I was ………………………………………. to hear that I had finally got a place at my chosen university.

We should try to avoid eating a lot of ………………………. food, such as chips.

The firefighters do a valuable job, so I´m ………………………….. towards their claims for higher pay.

I keep thinking back to my graduation – it was such a ………………………… occasion.

Activity 2: Practice

Complete the sentences using a word related to the word in capital letters.

Ex. I am CONVINCED by this argument. It is a convincing argument.

I have DOUBTS about this theory. I am ………………………….. about this theory.

Other scientists RESPECT Ekman´s work. Ekman is a ………………………. scientist.

I get EXHAUSTED being a nurse. Nursing is an ……………………………… profession.

I am not SATISFIED with this solution. This is not a …………………………… solution.

Some people´s attitude doesn´t HELP. Some people have an ……………………….. attitude.

The task isn´t very PLEASANT. It´s an ………………………………… task.

People say that teachers get many REWARDS from their work. Teaching is ………………………..

Adjectives

Activity 3: Produce

Put students in groups of three. Tell them to discuss pros and cons with their jobs/studies/careers, using the adjectives above.

Learn how to teach English abroad